We all know what a moisturiser does (errrm… it moisturises!) – but what exactly goes is a moisturiser, how does it work and how do you pick the best one for you?
Your skin is simply amazing. It’s an incredibly complex and miraculous creation of nature. It’s our waterproof barrier. It’s a defence against disease. It’s constantly growing and replacing itself. It stretches, yet retains its form. And when we’re hurt, it heals itself.
The Layers of Human Skin
Keratinocytes, the main type of skin cells, migrate up from the dermis and undergo many changes to become a flat, keratin-rich corneocyte before shedding. During this progression through the layers of the epidermis, lipids are released into the spaces between cells and the skin’s own natural moisturising factor is generated.
These lipids form a barrier to help prevent water loss and retain skin’s natural moisturising factor. Through the stresses of modern life – pollution, all-night benders, harsh cleansers & more can disrupt this lipid matrix and hydration loss can lead to dry, flaky skin.
Moisturisers are used to slow water evaporating, and restore the original soft texture and look of your skin. There are three basic types of ingredients commonly found in moisturisers: